The Resource Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world, edited by John Shepherd [and others]

Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world, edited by John Shepherd [and others]

Label
Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world
Title
Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world
Statement of responsibility
edited by John Shepherd [and others]
Title variation
Credo Reference
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Reference guide to popular music from all corners of the globe. Includes extensive bibliographies, discographies, sheet music listings and filmographies
Action
digitized
Cataloging source
SLV
Dewey number
781.63/09
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
ML102.P66
LC item number
C66 2003eb
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • encyclopedias
  • discographies
Label
Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world, edited by John Shepherd [and others]
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references, discographies, and index
http://library.link/vocab/branchCode
  • net
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • V. 1. Media, industry and society -- v. 2. Performance and production -- v. 3. Caribbean and Latin America -- v. 4. North America -- v. 5. Asia and Oceania -- v. 6. Africa and the Middle East -- v. 7. Europe -- v. 8. Genres : North America -- v. 9. Genres : Caribbean and Latin America
  • Volume 1: Media, Industry and Society. Part I: Social and Cultural Dimensions -- 1. Documentation -- Archives -- Bibliographies -- Biography/Autobiography -- Discography -- Electronic Information -- Encyclopedias -- Field Recording -- Film and Television Documentaries -- Halls of Fame/Museums -- Histories -- Music Press -- Popular Music Journals -- Song Collecting -- 2. Popular Music Studies -- African-American Studies -- Anthropology -- Black Studies -- Communication (Communication Studies) -- Content Analysis -- Cultural Studies -- Dialogics -- Discourse Analysis -- Economics -- Ethnomusicology -- Feminism -- Folklore -- Geography -- History -- Literary Criticism -- Music Analysis -- Musicology -- Music Theory -- Political Economy -- Political Theory -- Postcolonialism -- Postmodernism -- Poststructuralism -- Psychoanalysis -- Reception and Consumption Theory -- Semiology/Semiotics -- Sociology -- Structural Homology -- Structuralism -- Women's Studies -- 3. Social Phenomena -- Alcohol -- Art and Art Schools -- Artifice -- Audience -- Authenticity -- Carnival -- Censorship -- Charity Events -- Children -- Class -- Club Culture -- Commercialism/Commercialization -- Community -- Consumption -- Crime -- Cultural Imperialism -- Cultural Policy/Regulation -- Death -- Deviance -- Disasters and Accidents -- Drugs and Addiction -- Ethnicity and Race -- Exoticism -- Fans -- Fanzines -- Fascism -- Fashion -- Gender and Sexuality -- Groupies -- Heritage -- Hybridity and Globalization (Intercultural Exchange, Acculturation) -- Identity -- Illness, Injury and Disease -- Industrialization -- Journalistic Practises -- Kinship -- Law -- Locality -- Love and Courtship -- Migration and Diffusion -- Morality -- Moral Panic -- Music Festivals -- Myth -- Nationalism -- Nostalgia -- Obscenity -- Photography -- Politics -- Popularity -- Popular Music Criticism -- Popular Music Education -- Popular Music in Advertising -- Popular Music in Film -- Pornography -- Propaganda -- Radio -- Rave Culture -- Record Collecting -- Religion and Spirituality -- Resistance and Protest -- Revivals -- Scene (Location) -- Slavery -- Socialism and Communism -- Soundcarrier -- Sport -- Stardom -- The State -- Subculture -- Taste -- Television -- The Theater -- Tourism -- Urbanization -- War and Armed Conflict -- Youth -- 4. Stylistic and Textual Dimensions -- Genre -- Humor -- Iconography -- Signifying -- Sound (Local) -- Spectacle -- Style -- 5. Venues -- Venues -- Part II: The Industry -- 6. General Terms -- Media -- Music Industry -- Reproduction -- 7. Audio Technical Terms -- Frame -- Hi-Fi (FFRR) -- Mono -- Quadraphonic -- Stereo -- White Noise -- 8. Broadcasting -- Airplay -- AM -- American Bandstand -- American Forces Network -- Broadcasting -- Eurovision Song Contest -- FM -- Grand Ole Opry -- King Biscuit Time -- Make-Believe Ballroom -- MTV -- Pirate Radio -- Playlist -- Programming -- Radio -- Radio Format -- Radio France International -- Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty -- Radio Luxembourg -- Radio Shows -- Talent Shows -- Television -- Television Shows -- Transcription Disc -- Voice of America -- Your Hit Parade -- 9. Copyright -- Author's Right -- Berne Convention -- Bootleg -- Copyright -- Copyright Organizations -- Counterfeit -- Geneva Convention -- Home Taping -- Mechanical Right -- Moral Right -- Neighboring Rights -- Performing Right -- Piracy -- Public Domain -- Rental Right -- Rome Convention -- Royalty -- 10. Deals and Contracts -- Contracts -- Lawsuits -- Licensing -- 11. The Film Industry and Popular Music -- The Film Industry and Popular Music -- 12. HardwareAcetate -- Amplifier -- Cassette -- Cassette Recorder -- Compact Disc -- Cylinders -- DAT -- Digital Compact Cassette -- Eight-Track Cartridge -- Gramophone -- Headphone -- Jukebox -- Laser Disc -- Loudspeaker -- Megaphone -- Minidisc -- Phonograph -- Radio Receiver -- Record -- Shellac -- Solid State -- Stylus -- Tape -- Tape Recorder -- Video Disc -- Video Games -- Vinyl -- Walkman -- 13. Instrument Manufacture -- Instrument Manufacture -- 14. Management and Marketing -- A & R -- Act -- Advertising of Popular Music -- Agent -- Awards -- Catalog -- Charts -- Circuit -- Concert Promotion -- Distribution -- E-commerce -- Gig -- Hit -- Impresario -- Management -- Manager -- Market -- Marketing -- Market Research -- Oldie -- One-Hit Wonder -- One-Stop -- On-Line Distribution -- Payola -- Plant -- Plugging -- Polls -- Promoter -- Rack Jobber -- Ratings -- Record Clubs -- Retailing -- Roadies -- Sponsorship -- Talent Scout -- Tour -- Trade Fairs -- Trade Organizations -- Trade Press -- 15. Publishing -- Broadside -- Chapbook -- Fake Book -- Hymnals -- Music Publishers -- Music Publishing -- Sheet Music -- Songbook -- Songsheet Covers -- Songster -- 16. Recording -- Album -- Album Cover -- A Side -- B Side -- Concept Album -- Cover Version -- Digital Recording -- EP -- Home Recording -- Independent -- Label -- Live Album -- LP -- Major -- Matrix -- Music Video -- Phonogram -- Picture Disc -- Production -- Record Companies -- Record Company -- Record Corporations -- Record Industry -- Recording Studio -- Recording Studios -- Record Labels/Companies -- Record Manufacture -- rpm -- 78 -- Single -- Sleeve Notes -- Soundcarrier -- Soundie -- Videoclip -- 17. Unions -- Musicians' Unions -- Unions
  • Volume 2: Performance and Production. Part I: Performers and Performing -- 1. Groups -- Accordion Band -- Backup Singers -- Ballroom Orchestra -- Band -- Banda -- Barbershop Quartet -- Big Band -- Bluegrass Band -- Brass Band -- Cajun Band -- Catch Clubs -- Chorus Line -- Combo -- Country Music Band -- Dance Band -- Duo -- Ensemble -- Fife and Drum Band -- Gamelan -- Garage Band -- Glee Clubs -- Group -- House Band -- Jazz Band -- Jazz Ensemble -- Jubilee Singers -- Jug Band -- Latin Band -- Lineup -- Male Voice Choirs -- Mandolin Orchestra -- Mariachi Group -- Medicine Shows -- Minstrel Troupes -- Mouth Organ Bands -- One-Man Band -- Orchestra -- Palm Court Orchestra -- Pit Band -- Polka Band -- Quartet -- R & B and Rock 'n' Roll Vocal Groups -- Ragtime Band -- Religious Vocal Groups and Choirs -- Rock Band -- Salon Orchestra -- Second Line -- Silent Movie Orchestra -- Singing Families -- Society Orchestra -- Spasm Band -- Steel Band -- Street Musician -- String Band -- Swing Band -- Syncopated Band -- Tribute Band -- Trio -- Vocal Groups -- Washboard Band -- Wedding Bands -- Western Swing Band -- Wind Band -- 2. Individuals -- Cabaret Singer -- Chansonnier -- Clog Dancer -- Folk Singer -- Jazz Singer -- Lead Singer -- Session Musician -- Shout/Shouter -- Singer -- Soloist -- Songster -- Tap-Dancer -- Torch Singer -- Troubadour -- 3. Performance Techniques -- Air Guitar -- Barré -- Bottleneck Guitar -- Brush Playing -- Busk/Busking -- Calls/Calling -- Claw Hammer -- Close Harmony Singing -- Crooning -- Crushing -- Cueing -- Declamation -- Deejaying (DJing) -- Drumroll -- Drum Rudiments -- Dub Plates/Specials -- Dub Version -- Fade-In -- Fade-Out -- Faking -- Falsetto -- Frailing -- Fuzz -- Hammering-On -- Hawaiian Guitar -- Hocket -- Holler/Hollering -- Honking -- Humming -- Improvisation -- Jamming -- Karaoke -- Lay-Back -- Lining-Out -- On Top -- Picking -- Playing Clean -- Playing Cool -- Playing Dirty -- Playing Hot -- Playing Inside -- Playing Outside -- Power Chord -- Rapping -- Reading -- Recording Session -- Rehearsal -- Rhythm (Riddim, Rydim) -- Rimshot -- Ring Shout/Ring Shouting -- Scat Singing -- Screaming (Wailing) -- Sean-nós -- Session -- Shape-Note Singing -- Singing -- Slapping (Bass) -- Slide Guitar -- Street Cries -- Strumming -- Tailgating -- Vamping -- Versioning -- Vibrato -- Vocalized Tone -- Wah-Wah (Wa-Wa) -- Whistling -- Yodeling
  • Volume 3 -- 7: Locations. The Caribbean Islands / Peter Manuel -- Anguilla / Nanette de Jong -- Antigua and Barbuda / Nanette de Jong -- Aruba / Victoria M. Razak -- Bahamas / Timothy Rommen -- Barbados / Curwen Best -- Cuba / Olavo Alen Rodriguez and Jan Fairley -- Cities -- Guantánamo Olavo Alen Rodriguez -- La Habana (Havana) / Jan Fairley with Olavo Alen Rodriguez -- Dominica / Kenneth Bilby -- Dominican Republic / Paul Austerlitz -- Grenada / Polly Bugros-McLean -- Guadeloupe / Dominique O. Cyrille -- Haiti Gage / Averill -- Jamaica / Kevin O'Brien Chang with Robert Witmer and Len McCarthy -- Martinique / Dominique O. Cyrille -- Montserrat / Nanette de Jong -- Netherlands Antilles / Victoria M. Razak -- Puerto Rico / Marisol Berrios-Miranda -- Cities -- San Juan Marisol Berrios-Miranda -- St Lucia / Yves Renard -- St Vincent and the Grenadines / Nanette de Jong -- Trinidad and Tobago / Shannon Dudley -- Virgin Islands (US) / Daniel Sheehy -- Latin America -- Map (Latin America) -- Mexico / Mark Pedelty -- Cities -- Acapulco and Guerrero / Mark Pedelty -- Culiacan / Ramiro Burr with Doug Shannon -- Durango / Mark Pedelty -- Guadalajara / Mark Pedelty -- Mazatlan / Ramiro Burr with Doug Shannon -- Mexico City / Eric Zolov -- Monterrey / Jose Juan Olvera Gudifio (Trans. Helena Simonett) -- Tijuana / Ron Dunn -- Veracruz / Daniel Sheehy
  • Volume 8: Genres: North America -- A: Adult contemporary / Christina Baade -- African-American musical-theater / Thomas L. Riis -- Album-oriented rock / Edward L. Macan -- Alternative country / Mark Fenster -- Alternative rock / Theo Cateforis -- B: Backstage musical / Andrew Killick -- Bakersfield sound / Peter La Chapelle -- Ballad (North American) / Richard Middleton -- Barbershop / Richard Mook -- Bebop (Bop) / Jason Robinson -- Bluegrass Music / Robert Cantwell (US) and Neil V. Rosenberg (International) -- Blues / Paul Oliver and Chris Smith -- Boogie Woogie / Frank Poloney and Colin Davey -- Brill building pop / Mike Brocken -- Broadway Musical / Andrew Killick -- Burlesque / Gillian Rodger -- C: Cajun music / Kevin S. Fontenot -- Chanson canadienne/Chanson québecoise / Richard Baillargeon -- Chicago blues / Chris Smith -- Chicago jazz / Jeffrey Taylor -- Chicano music / Russell C. Rodríguez -- Christian rock / Andrew Mall -- Classic blues / Paul Oliver -- Contemporary Christian music / Jay R. Howard -- Contemporary worship music / Monique M. Ingalls -- Cool jazz / John Howland -- Coon song / Tim Wise -- Country music / Diane Pecknold -- Country rock / John Einarson -- Cowboy songs / Tim Wise -- D: Delta blues / Paul Oliver -- Disco / Tim Lawrence -- Doo Wop / Stuart L. Goosman -- Duranguense / Helena Simonett -- E: Easy listening / Keir Keightley -- Electro / Hillegonda C. Rietveld -- Emo / Sarah F. Williams -- Ethnic music / Martin Stokes -- Exotica / Francesco Adinolfi -- F: Folk music (North American) / Dave Laing -- Free jazz / Lawrence A. Wayte -- Funk / Rickey Vincent with Bob Davis -- G: Garage, US / Kai Fikentscher -- Garage rock / Michael Hicks -- Girl groups / Jacqueline Warwick -- Go-Go / Kip Lornell -- Gospel hymn / Lance J. Peeler -- Gospel music, African-American / Mellonee V. Burnim with David Horn -- Gospel music, white / Russ Cheatham -- Granola music / Irwin Shubert -- Grunge / James Lyons
  • Asia and Oceania -- Abbreviations (Asia and Oceania) -- Asia -- Map (Asia)Central Asia -- China / Nimrod Baranovitch -- Regions -- Tibet / Dagmar Bernstorff -- Tibetan Diaspora / Keila Diehl -- Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / Rachel Harris -- Cities -- Beijing / Jin Zhaojun (Trans. Nimrod Baranovitch) -- Hong Kong / Joanna C. Lee -- Shanghai / Andreas Steen and Jeroen de Kloet -- Korea -- Historical Background / Okon Hwang -- North Korea / Keith Howard -- Cities -- P'yǒngyang / Keith Howard -- South Korea / Okon Hwang -- Cities -- Pusan / Sarah Morelli -- Sǒul (Seoul) / Okon Hwang -- Taiwan / D.J. Hatfield -- Cities -- T'aipei / D.J. Hatfield -- Tajikistan / Munira Shahidi -- Turkmenistan / Dznamilya Kurbanova (Trans. Alisa Lockwood) -- Uzbekistan / Craig Macrae -- Cities -- Tashkent / Craig Macrae -- Indian Subcontinent -- Bangladesh and West Bengal (India) / Gerry Farrell and Jayeeta Bhowmick -- India / Peter Manuel, Alison Arnold and Paul D. Greene -- Regions -- Andaman and Nicobar Islands / Tom Vater -- Andhra Pradesh / Dagmar Bernstorff -- Bihar / Joseph Getter -- Jharkhand / Carol M. Babiracki -- Kashmir / Subhash Kak -- Kerala / Joseph J. Palackal -- Mizoram / Seilen Haokip -- Nagaland / Seilen Haokip -- Orissa / Guy L. Beck -- Punjab / Peter Manuel and Joyce Hughes -- Tamil Nadu / Paul D. Greene -- Uttar Pradesh / Anna Schultz -- Cities -- Ahmadabad / Gregory Booth -- Chennai (Madras) / Joseph Getter -- Delhi / Joseph Getter -- Jammu / Subhash Kak -- Kochi / Joseph J. Palackal -- Kolkata (Calcutta) / Guy L. Beck -- Lucknow / James Kippen -- Mumbai (Bombay) / Ashok Ranade, Alison Arnold and Gregory Booth -- Puri / Guy L. Beck -- Srinagar / Subhash Kak -- Trivandrum (Thiruvananthaparam) / Joseph J. Palackal -- The Maldives / Dave Laing -- Nepal / Paul D. Greene -- Pakistan / Gregory Booth -- Cities -- Karachi / Gregory Booth -- Lahore / Gregory Booth -- Sri Lanka / Joseph Getter -- Japan -- Japan / Tôru Mitsui -- Regions -- Okinawa / Tôru Mitsui -- Shônan / Tôru Mitsui -- Tôhoku and Hokkaidô / Tôru Mitsui and Yasushi Ogasawara -- Cities -- Fukuoka / Tôru Mitsui -- Hamamatsu / Tôru Mitsui -- Kyôto, Ôsaka and Kôbé / Tôru Mitsui and Hideko Haguchi -- Tôkyô / Tôru Mitsui -- North Asia -- Mongolia / Carole Pegg -- Siberia (Region of Russia) / Carole Pegg -- Southeast Asia -- Brunei / Jim Chopyak -- Cambodia / Sam-Ang Sam -- Indonesia / Charles Capwell -- Regions -- Bali / Charles Capwell -- Jawa (Java) / Charles Capwell -- Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) / Philip Yampolsky -- Sulawesi / Charles Capwell -- Sumatera (Sumatra) / Charles Capwell -- Cities -- Jakarta / Charles Capwell -- Laos / John Clewley -- Malaysia / Tan Sooi Beng -- Regions -- Sarawak and Sabah / Virginia Gorlinski -- Cities -- Kuala Lumpur / Tan Sooi Beng -- Myanmar (Burma) / Gavin D. Douglas -- Regions -- Chin / Za Tawn Eng (Salai Tawna) -- The Philippines / Jonas Baes -- Cities -- Metro Manila / Jonas Baes -- Singapore / Dave Laing -- Thailand / John Clewley -- Cities -- Bangkok / John Clewley -- Vietnam / Jason Gibbs -- Cities -- Ha Nôi / Jason Gibbs -- Hô Chi Minh / Jason Gibbs -- Diaspora -- Vietnamese Diaspora / Jason Gibbs -- Oceania -- Map (Oceania)
  • Australia -- Australia / Bruce Johnson -- Australia: Indigenous -- Popular Music / Karl Neuenfeldt -- Cities -- Adelaide / Bruce Johnson -- Alice Springs / Bruce Johnson -- Brisbane / Bruce Johnson -- Broome / Bruce Johnson -- Darwin / Bruce Johnson with Karl Neuenfeldt -- Hobart / Bruce Johnson with Phil Grinham -- Melbourne / Bruce Johnson -- Newcastle / Shane Homan -- Perth / Bruce Johnson -- Sydney / Bruce Johnson -- Tamworth / Bruce Johnson -- Aotearoa/New Zealand -- Aotearoa/New Zealand: Maori and Pacific Islander Music / Tony Mitchell -- Aotearoa/New Zealand: Pakeha (European) / Roy Shuker -- Cities -- Auckland / Roy Shuker -- Christchurch / Roy Shuker -- Dunedin / Roy Shuker -- Wellington / Roy Shuker -- Pacific Islands -- Hawai'i (Hawaii) / Amy Ku'uleialoha Stillman -- Melanesia / Michael Webb -- Micronesia / Deirdre Marshall -- Polynesia / David Goldsworthy -- Africa and the Middle East -- African Islands -- Comoros / Werner Graebner -- Madagascar / Janet Topp Fargion -- Mauritius / Guillaume Samson (Trans. Sinclair Robinson) -- Réunion / Guillaume Samson (Trans. Sinclair Robinson) -- The Seychelles / Guillaume Samson and Alain Courbis (Trans. Sinclair Robinson) -- Central Africa/ Cameroon Marianne Berna -- Central African Republic / Michelle Kisliuk -- Chad / Mary Pearce -- Congo (Rep.) / Graeme Ewens -- Dem. Rep. of Congo / Chris Stapleton -- Equatorial Guinea / Chris Stapleton -- Gabon / Graeme Ewens -- East Africa -- Burundi / Rick Sanders -- Kenya / Caleb Okumu Chrispo -- Cities -- Mombasa / Caleb Okumu Chrispo -- Nairobi / Caleb Okumu Chrispo -- Rwanda / Rick Sanders -- Tanzania / Werner Graebner -- Regions -- Zanzibar / Werner Graebner -- Uganda / Sylvia Nannyonga-Tamusuza -- Cities -- Kampala / Sylvia Nannyonga-Tamusuza
  • Canada -- Canada / Nicholas Jennings -- Major Regions and Cultures -- English Canada / Martin Melhuish -- Inuit / Beverley Diamond -- Québec / Richard Baillargeon -- Regions and Provinces -- British Columbia / Warren Gill and Irwin Shubert -- Maritime Provinces / Rob Bowman -- Acadia / David Lonergan (Trans. Sinclair Robinson) -- Newfoundland and Labrador / Holly Everett -- NWT, Yukon, Nunavut and Nunavik / Beverley Diamond -- Ontario / Rob Bowman -- Ontario (Francophone) / Serge P. Quinty -- Prairie Provinces / Holger Petersen -- Western Canada (Francophone) / Serge P. Quinty -- Cities -- Calgary, AB Martin Melhuish -- Edmonton, AB / Adam Krims -- Montréal (Francophone), QC / Richard Baillargeon -- Montréal (Anglophone), QC / Geoff Stahl -- Québec City, QC / Richard Baillargeon -- Toronto, ON / Rob Bowman -- Vancouver, BC / Mark Duffett -- Winnipeg, MB / John Einarson -- United States (Continental) -- United States of America / David Horn and Dave Laing with Charles Hamm -- Regions and States -- Alaska / Suzanne Summerville -- The Appalachian Region / David B. Pruett -- California / Dave Laing -- Delaware / Dave Laing -- Florida / Dave Laing -- Maryland / Dave Laing -- Mississippi Delta / Paul Oliver -- Mississippi Valley / David Evans -- New England / Charles Hamm -- New Jersey / Roger Deitz and David Horn -- New York State / Chuck Mancuso with David Horn -- Plains States (Kansas, Nebraska and Oklahoma) / George O. Carney -- The South / David Horn -- Southeastern States / David Horn -- Southwestern States / Durwood Ball -- Texas / Rick Koster with David Horn -- Cities -- Athens, GA Stephen Valdez -- Atlanta, GA / Oliver Greene -- Austin, TX / Cotton Seiler -- Bakersfield/Central Valley, CA / Eileen Sisk -- Baltimore, MD / Dave Laing -- Baton Rouge, LA / Alison J. Pringle -- Birmingham, AL / André Millard -- Boston, MA / Daniel Cavicchi and Gary Burns -- Buffalo, NY / Chuck Mancuso and David Horn -- Charleston, SC / Timothy M. Crain -- Chicago, IL / Robert Pruter with Paul Oliver and the Editors -- Districts -- South Side / Paul Oliver -- State Street / Paul Oliver -- Cincinnati, OH / Larry Nager -- Cleveland, OH / Sharon Carla Hochhauser and David Horn -- Dallas/Fort Worth, TX / Ramiro Burr with Derek Delgado and David Horn -- Denver, CO / Dick Weissman -- Detroit, MI / Steve Waksman -- El Paso, TX / Ramiro Burr -- Helena, AR / David Evans -- Houston, TX / Ramiro Burr with Derek Delgado and David Horn -- Indianapolis, IN / Theodore F. Watts and David Horn -- Jackson, MS / Paul Oliver -- Jacksonville, FL / Timothy D. Watkins -- Kansas City, MO / Dave Laing -- Las Vegas, NV / Kenneth Hanlon -- Los Angeles, CA / Dave Laing -- Districts -- Hollywood / Dave Laing -- Louisville, KY / Cotton Seiler -- Memphis, TN / David Evans -- Districts -- Beale Street / David Evans -- Miami, FL / Dave Laing -- Milwaukee, WI / Scott R. Wenzel -- Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN / Jonas M. Westover -- Muscle Shoals, AL / Rob Bowman -- Nashville, TN / Richard A. Peterson -- New Orleans, LA / David Horn -- New York City, NY / Kai Fikentscher and Stephen Mamula with David Horn -- Districts -- Broadway / Andréw P. Killick -- Harlem / David Horn with Dave Laing and Ted Vincent -- Tin Pan Alley / Timothy E. Scheurer -- Oklahoma City, OK / George O. Carney -- Philadelphia, PA / Dave Laing -- Pittsburgh, PA / Kathy English -- St Louis, MO / Dave Laing -- Salt Lake City, UT / Michael Hicks -- San Antonio, TX / Ramiro Burr -- San Diego, CA / Anna Szemere and Nora Gruber -- San Francisco Bay Area, CA / Andréw Goodwin -- Districts -- Haight Ashbury / Dave Laing -- Savannah, GA / Peggy Blood with David Horn -- Seattle, WA / Dave Laing -- Shreveport, LA / Ronald N. Bukoff -- Tulsa, OK / Steve Higgins and Steve Jones -- Washington, DC / Richard Harrington
  • Central America -- Central America (gen.) / T.M. Scruggs -- Belize / Oliver Greene -- Costa Rica / Laura Cervantes-Gamboa -- El Salvador / Christopher T.R. Bradler -- Guatemala / Igor de Gandarias (Trans. Leuten Rojas) -- Honduras / Carlos Agurcia -- Nicaragua / T.M. Scruggs -- Panama / T.M. Scruggs -- South America -- Argentina / Leonardo J. Waisman and Marisa Restiffo -- Cities -- Buenos Aires / Pablo Kohan with Ricardo Salton -- Córdoba / Leonardo J. Waisman -- Rosario / Omar Corrado -- Salta / Omar Corrado -- Santa Fé / Omar Corrado -- Bolivia / Sari Pekkola and Oscar Garcia with the Editors -- Brazil / Rafael Jose de Menezes Bastos with Allan de Paula Oliveira (Discographies) -- Regions -- Central-West / Maria Ignez Cruz Mello and Deise Lucy Oliveira Montardo -- North / Sergio I. Gonzalez -- Northeast / Elba Braga Ramalho -- Southeast / Samuel Araujo -- Cities -- Belem / Sergio I. Gonzalez -- Belo Horizonte / Silvia de O. Beraldo -- Brasilia / Luis Roberto M. Pinheiro -- Curitiba / Allan de Paula Oliveira -- Fortaleza / Wander Nunes Frota -- Manaus / Sergio I. Gonzalez -- Porto Alegre / Maria Elizabeth Lucas -- Recife / Tania Cristina Lima and Carlos Sandroni (Trans. Sinclair Robinson) -- Rio de Janeiro / Samuel Araujo -- Salvador / Michael Shade -- Sao Luis / Mundicarmo M.R. Ferretti -- São Paulo / Acacio T. de C. Piedade -- Chile / Juan Pablo Gonzalez with Jan Fairley -- Cities -- Santiago de Chile / Juan Pablo Gonzalez with Jan Fairley -- Valparaiso / Juan Pablo Gonzalez with Jan Fairley -- Colombia / Peter Wade -- Cities -- Barranquilla / Adolfo Gonzalez Henriquez -- Bogota / Adolfo Gonzalez Henriquez -- Cali / Adolfo Gonzalez Henriquez -- Cartagena / Adolfo Gonzalez Henriquez -- Medellin / Adolfo Gonzalez Henriquez -- Ecuador / Ketty Wong -- Cities -- Guayaquil / Ketty Wong -- Quito / Ketty Wong -- French Guiana / Kenneth Bilby -- Guyana / Ray H. Seales -- Paraguay / Daniel Luzko -- Peru / Raul R. Romero -- Cities -- Arequipa / Jonathan Ritter -- Ayacucho / Jonathan Ritter -- Trujillo / Jonathan Ritter -- Suriname / Rein Spoorman -- Uruguay / Coriun Aharonian -- Cities -- Montevideo / Coriun Aharonian -- Venezuela / Carlos E. Giménez -- North America -- Native America (North) / Beverley Diamond
  • H: Hardbop / Jason Robinson -- Hardcore / Sarah F. Williams -- Hip-Hop / Cheryl L. Keyes -- Honky-Tonk / Aaron Fox -- Hot rod / Roy Shuker -- House music / Hillegonda C. Rietveld -- I: Indita / Brenda M. Romero -- J: Jazz / Alan Stanbridge -- Jazz-rock / Lawrence A. Wayte -- L: Latin Boogaloo / Oliver Wang -- Latin jazz / Kevin M. Delgado -- M: Mainstream jazz / David Horn -- Mardi Gras Indian music / Matt Sakakeeny -- Matachines / Brenda M. Romero -- Miami bass / Cheryl L. Keyes -- Minstrelsy / William Mahar (USA) and Michael Pickering (International) -- Modal jazz / Samuel Barrett -- Motown / Jon Fitzgerald -- N: Nashville sound / Joli Jensen -- Native American pop / Chris Scales -- New country / Mark Fenster -- New Jack swing / Miles White -- New Orleans jazz / Bruce Boyd Raeburn -- New York Downtown scene / John Brackett -- O: Outlaw country music / Barbara Ching -- P: Powwow music / Anna Hoefnagels -- Progressive jazz / Benjamin Bierman -- Q: Quebradita and Technobanda / Helena Simonett -- R: R & B, contemporary / Miles White -- Ragtime / Susan C. Cook -- Railroad songs / Paolo Prato and David Horn -- Revue, American / Gillian Rodger and Jonas Westover -- Rhythm and blues / Rob Bowman -- Riot Grrrl / Marion Leonard -- Rock & roll / Elijah Wald -- Rockabilly / Craig Morrison
  • Horn of Africa -- Djibouti / Andreas Wetter -- Eritrea / Rick Sanders -- Ethiopia / Rick Sanders -- Somalia / Martin Orwin -- Cities -- Muqdisho (Mogadishu) / Martin Orwin -- Sudan / Stephen Larrik -- North Africa -- Algeria / Dave Laing -- Libya / Philip Ciantar and Abdalla M. Sebai -- Morocco / Richard C. Jankowsky -- Regions -- Western Sahara / Richard C. Jankowsky -- Cities -- Casablanca / Richard C. Jankowsky -- Tunisia / Ruth Davis and Richard C. Jankowsky -- Southern Africa -- Angola / Gerhard Kubik -- Botswana / Angela Impey -- Lesotho / David Coplan -- Malawi Moya / Aliya Malamusi -- Mozambique / João Soeiro de Carvalho -- Namibia / Minette Mans -- South Africa / Sazi Dlamini with Christopher Ballantine and Nishlyn Ramanna -- Cities -- Durban / Veit Erlmann -- Johannesburg / Rob Allingham -- Soweto / Angela Impey -- Swaziland / Jonathan Curren -- Zambia / Rick Sanders -- Zimbabwe / Chris Stapleton -- West Africa -- Benin / Nago Seck and Sylvie Clerfeuille -- Burkina Faso / Oger Kaboré (Trans. Sinclair Robinson) -- Cape Verde / JoAnne Hoffman -- Côte d'Ivoire / Chris Stapleton -- The Gambia / Graeme Ewens -- Ghana / E. John Collins -- Cities -- Accra / E. John Collins -- Cape Coast / E. John Collins -- Kumasi / E. John Collins -- Guinea / Günter Gretz -- Cities -- Conakry / Günter Gretz -- Guinea-Bissau / Guus de Klein -- Liberia / E. John Collins -- Mali / Banning Eyre -- Mauritania / Chris Stapleton -- Niger / Mahaman Garba (trans. Dave Laing) -- Nigeria / Chris Stapleton -- Regions -- Northern Nigeria / Chris Stapleton -- Southeastern Nigeria / Meki Nzewi -- Western Nigeria / Mosunmola Omibiyi-Obidike -- Cities -- Benin City / Emeka 'Tony Nwabuoku -- Ibadan Mosunmola / Omibiyi-Obidike -- Lagos / Oluyemi Olaniyan -- Onitsha / Meki Nzewi -- São Tomé and Príncipe / Dave Laing -- Senegal / Patricia Tang -- Cities -- Dakar / Patricia Tang -- Sierra Leone / Christian D.J. Horton -- Togo / Nago Seck and Sylvie Clerfeuille -- Middle East -- Map (Middle East) -- Afghanistan / John Baily -- Armenia / Andy Nercessian -- Cities -- Yerevan / Andy Nercessian -- Azerbaijan / Fattah Khalig-Zade and Razia Sultanova -- Bahrain / Kay Hardy Campbell -- Egypt / Karin van Nieuwkerk -- Cities -- Cairo / Karin van Nieuwkerk -- Iran / Seyed Abdolhossein Mokhtabad Amrei -- Iraq / Dave Laing
  • Israel / Motti Regev -- Cities -- Jerusalem / Motti Regev -- Tel Aviv / Motti Regev -- Jordan / Sami Asmar -- Kuwait / Kay Hardy Campbell -- Lebanon / Sami Asmar -- Cities -- Beirut / Sami Asmar -- Oman / Dieter Christensen -- Palestine / Dave Laing -- Qatar / Kay Hardy Campbell -- Saudi Arabia / Kay Hardy Campbell -- Syria / Jonathan H. Shannon -- Cities -- Damascas / Jonathan H. Shannon -- Halab (Aleppo) / Jonathan H. Shannon -- Turkey / Martin Stokes -- Cities -- Ankara / Martin Stokes -- Istanbul / Martin Stokes -- Izmir / Martin Stokes -- United Arab Emirates / Kay Hardy Campbell -- Yemen / Flagg Miller -- Cities -- Aden / Flagg Miller -- Şana 'ā' / Flagg Miller -- Europe -- Baltic States -- Estonia / Jaak Ojakäär -- Latvia / Yanis Stundins -- Lithuania / Dave Laing -- Central Europe -- Czech Republic / Aleš Opekar -- Cities -- Brno / Aleš Opekar -- Praha (Prague) / Aleš Opekar -- Hungary / Tamaás Szõnyei and Júlia Lévai -- Cities -- Budapest / Tamaás Szõnyei -- Poland / Dave Laing -- Slovakia / Aleš Opekar -- Cities -- Bratislava / Aleš Opekar -- Eastern Europe -- Belarus / Maria Paula Survilla -- Cities -- Minsk / Maria Paula Survilla -- Georgia / Manana Akhmetili -- Moldova / Dave Laing -- Russia / Mark Yoffe with Dave Laing -- Ukraine / Dave Laing -- Jewish Diaspora -- Jewish Diaspora / Joel E. Rubin -- Southeastern Europe -- Albania / Jane Sugarman -- Bosnia-Herzegovina / Vesna Andree Zaimović -- Cities -- Sarajevo / Vesna Andree Zaimović -- Bulgaria / Claire Levy -- Cities -- Sofiya (Sofia) / Claire Levy -- Croatia / Svanibor H. Pettan -- Cities -- Zagreb / Svanibor H. Pettan -- Cyprus / Panikos Giorgoudes -- Greece / Risto Pekka Pennanen -- Regions -- Kriti (Crete) / Chris Williams -- Cities -- Athina (Athens) / Fouli Papageorgiou -- Thessaloniki / Liza Tsaliki -- Macedonia / Ljupco Jolevski -- România (Romania) / Marin Marian-Bǎlasa -- Cities -- Bucuresti (Bucharest) / Marin Marian-Bǎsla -- Serbia and Montenegro / Selena Rakočević -- Cities -- Beograd (Belgrade) / Selena Rakočević -- Slovenia / Rajko Muršič -- Cities -- Ljubljana Rajko Muršič -- Yugoslavia (1918-1991) / Rajko Muršič
  • Part II: Musical Production and Transmission -- 4. Personnel -- Announcer -- Arranger -- Band Leader -- Composer -- Disc Jockey -- Engineer -- Lyricist -- MC -- Musician -- Orchestrator -- Producer -- Sideman -- Singer-Songwriter -- Songwriter -- Video Jockey -- 5. Processes: Interpretative -- Interpretation -- Orchestration -- Parody -- Pastiche -- Quotation -- Scratching -- 6. Processes: Technological -- Backing Track -- Digital Recording -- Distortion -- Double-Tracking -- Dubbing (Overdubbing) -- Echo -- Mixing -- Postproduction -- Preproduction -- Production -- Quantizing -- Recording -- Reverb -- Sound Editing -- Sound Engineering -- Synchronization (1) -- Synchronization (2) -- Take -- 7. Technologies -- Click Track -- Compressor -- Computers in Music -- Cut -- Drum Machine -- Equalizer -- Film Music Technology -- Guitar Amplifiers -- Harmonizer -- Lead Sheet -- Lead Sheet Chord Shorthand -- Limiter -- Mellotron -- Microphone -- MIDI -- Mixing Deck (Mixing Console) -- Monitor -- MP3 -- Multimedia -- Music Software (Professional and Amateur) -- Napster -- Notation -- Part Writing -- Pitch Shifter -- Sampler -- Scoring -- Sequencer (Sequencer Software) -- Sound Recording Technologies -- Sound System -- Synthesizer -- Theremin -- Track -- Transposer -- Vocoder -- Workstation
  • Part III: Musical Instrument -- 8. Found Instruments -- Found Instruments -- Bones -- Cowbell -- Jug -- Kazoo -- Picking Bow/Mouth Bow -- Rattle -- Spoons -- Washboard -- 9. GuitarsGuitars -- Electric Bass Guitar -- Flamenco Guitar -- Tiple -- 10. Keyboard Instruments -- Accordion -- Bandoneón -- Concertina -- Concert Organ -- Electric Piano -- Electronic Organ -- Hammond Organ -- Harmonium -- Harmonium (India) -- Melodeon -- Organ 308 -- Piano -- Residence Organ -- Theater/Cinema Organ -- Wurlitzer Organ -- 11. Mechanical Instruments -- Mechanical Instruments -- Automatic Violin -- Barrel Organ -- Barrel Piano/Street Barrel Piano -- Calliope -- Carillon -- Electrically Operated Piano -- Mechanical Banjo -- Mechanical Harp -- Musical Box -- Musical Clock -- Orchestrion -- Player Piano -- 12. Percussion Instruments -- Percussion Instruments -- Batá Drums -- Bells -- Berimbau -- Bodhrán -- Bombo Legüero -- Bongo Drums -- Castanets -- Claves -- Conga Drums -- Cymbal -- Cybalom -- Drums -- Drumset -- Frame Drums and Tambourines -- Glockenspiel -- Güiro -- Jew's-Harp Qew's Harp) -- Kulintang -- Lagerphone -- Maracas -- Marimba -- Mbira (Thumb Piano) -- Rhythm Section -- Slit-Drum -- Snare Drum -- Steel Pans (Steel Drums) -- Tablā -- Timbales -- Vibraphone -- Xylophone -- 13. Stringed Instruments -- Appalachian Dulcimer -- Autoharp -- Balalaika -- Banjo -- Bouzoúki -- Bullroarer -- Cello -- Charango -- Diddley-Bow -- Double Bass -- Fiddle (Europe/World) -- Fiddle (US) -- Guitarrón -- Hammered Dulcimer -- Harp -- Hurdy-Gurdy -- Kantele -- Khalam -- Kora -- Koto -- Lira -- Mandolin -- Sarod -- Sāz -- Shamisen -- Sitr -- Tea-Chest Bass ('Bush Bass') -- 'Ū-d -- Ukulele (Ukelele) -- Vihuela -- Violin -- Zither (Alpine Zither) -- 14. Voice -- Voice (as Instrument) -- 15. Wind Instruments -- Brass and Horns -- Bugle -- Horn (French Horn) -- Horn Section -- Mutes -- Sousaphone -- Trombone -- Trumpets and Cornets -- Tuba -- Reeds and Woodwinds -- Bagpipes (British Isles) -- Clarinet -- Didjeridu -- Fife -- Flute -- Harmonica (Mouth Organ, Harp) -- Khaen -- Klarino -- Pan Pipes -- Pennywhistle (Africa) -- Piccolo -- Quena -- Recorder -- Reed Section -- Shakuhachi -- Shawm -- Saxophone
  • Part IV: Musical Form and Practise -- 16. Form -- Blues Form -- Bridge -- Call-and-Response -- Chorus -- Finale -- Form -- Interlude -- Middle 8 -- Outro -- Overture -- Refrain -- Repetition -- Song Form -- Standard -- Stanza -- Verse -- 17. Harmony -- Antiphony -- Changes -- Chord -- Circle of Fifths -- Counterpoint -- Drone -- Harmony -- Heterophony -- Homophony -- Modality -- Modulation -- Parallel Interval -- Pentatonicism -- Polyphony -- Transposition -- 18. Melody -- Blue Note -- Break -- Fill -- Hook -- Lick -- Melisma -- Melody -- Note -- Octave -- Pitch -- Rāga -- Range -- Register -- Riff -- Scale -- Theme -- Tuning -- Turnaround -- Variation -- 19. Rhythm -- Afterbeat -- Backbeat -- Beat -- Clave -- Cross-Rhythm -- Downbeat -- Drive -- Groove -- Lead-in -- Offbeat -- Onbeat -- Oom-pah -- Phrasing -- Polyrhythm -- Rhythm -- Second Line -- Shuffle Rhythm -- Slow Dragging -- Stomping -- Stop-Time -- Swing -- Syncopation -- Upbeat -- Walking Bass -- 20. The Piece -- Accompaniment -- Arrangement -- Backing -- Book (1) -- Book (2) -- Comping -- Head Arrangement -- Lead Vocals -- Medley -- Number -- Part -- Repertoire (Repertory) -- Solo -- Song -- Voice Leading -- Voicing -- 21. Timbre -- Sound -- Timbre -- 22. Words, Images and Movement -- Dance -- Lyrics -- Stage Act -- Titles
  • S: Salsa / Christopher Washburne -- Shape-note hymnody / Kiri Miller -- Singer-songwriter / Tim Wise -- Singing cowboy / Tim Wise -- Smooth jazz / Lawrence A. Wayte -- Soft rock / Vincent Stephens -- Soul / Rob Bowman -- Soul jazz / Lawrence A. Wayte -- Southern rock / Ross M. Johnson -- Spiritual, African-American / Mellonee V. Burnim with David Horn -- Stride / Tim Richards -- Surf music / Roy Shuker -- Swamp blues / Kevin S. Fontenot -- Swamp pop / Shane K. Bernard -- Sweet music / David Horn -- Swing music and big-band jazz / David W. Stowe -- Symphonic jazz / Don Rayno -- T: Talking blues / Tim Wise -- Techno / Hillegonda C. Rietveld -- Tejano music / José R. Reyna -- Third stream / John Howland -- Tin Pan Alley / Tim Wise -- Torch song / Freya Jarman-Ivens -- Trad and Neo-trad / Luc Bellemare -- V: Vaudeville / Gillian Rodger -- Vaudeville, African-American / Paul Oliver -- W: Waila / Janet L. Sturman -- West Coast jazz / John Howland -- Western swing / Jean A. Boyd -- Y: Yé-yé québecois / Richard Baillargeon -- Z: Zydeco / Kevin S. Fontenot
  • The Netherlands / Lutgard Mutsaers -- Cities -- Amsterdam / Lutgard Mutsaers -- Rotterdam / Lutgard Mutsaers -- s'Gravenhage (The Hague) / Lutgard Mutsaers -- Utrecht / Lutgard Mutsaers -- Norway / Hans Weisethaunet and Odd Skaårberg -- Cities -- Bergen and Western Norway / Hans Weisenhaunet -- Kristiansand, Stavanger and Southern Norway / Tor Dybo -- Oslo and Eastern Norway / Hans Weisethaunet and Odd Skaårberg -- Tromsø and Northern Norway / Hans Weisenhaunet -- Trondheim and Middle Norway / Hans Weisenhaunet -- San Marino / Roberto Agostini -- Spain / Julio Arce -- Regions -- Andalucía / Francisco J. García Gallardo and Herminia Arredondo Pérez -- Aragón / Jesús Soria Núñez -- Asturias / Celsa Alonso -- Canary Islands / Jesús Soria Núñez -- Cantabria / Irene Mandado Gutiérrez -- Castilla y León / Clemente de Pablos Miguel -- Cataluña / J. Ramoón Belastegui and Lluc Silvestre -- Galicia Xosé / Rosales Sequeiros -- Cities -- Barcelona J. / Ramoón Belastegui and Lluc Silvestre -- Madrid / Julio Arce -- Sevilla (Seville) / Francisco J. García Gallardo and Herminia Arredondo Pérez -- Sweden / Alf Björnberg -- Cities -- Göteborg / Lars Lilliestam -- Stockholm / Per-Erik Brolinson -- Switzerland / Dieter Ringli and Helena Simonett -- Cities -- Basel / Dieter Ringli and Helena Simonett -- Bern / Dieter Ringli and Helena Simonett -- Montreux / Dieter Ringli and Helena Simonett -- Nyon / Dieter Ringli and Helena Simonett -- Zürich / Dieter Ringli and Helena Simonett -- United Kingdom / Dave Laing -- Regions -- England / Derek B. Scott -- Northern Ireland / Dave Laing -- Scotland / Peter Symon -- Wales (Cymru) / Trevor Herbert -- Cities -- Belfast / Miriam Crozier with Dave Laing -- Birmingham / Jason Toynbee -- Bristol / Peter Webb -- Glasgow / Peter Symon -- Liverpool / Sara Cohen -- London / Dave Laing -- Manchester / Dave Laing -- Newcastle upon Tyne / Paul Hansen with Dave Laing -- Sheffield / Josie Robson and Mike Jones -- Districts -- Soho / Dave Laing
  • Western Europe -- Andorra / Dave Laing -- Austria / Dave Laing -- Cities -- Wien (Vienna) / Dave Laing -- Belgium / Robert J. Sacre -- Cities -- Antwerpen / Robert J. Sacre -- Bruxelles (Brussels) / Robert J. Sacre -- Channel Islands / Robert Tilling -- Denmark / Morten Michelsen -- Regions -- Faeroe Islands / Morten Michelsen -- Cities -- Ålborg (Aalborg) / Morten Michelsen -- Århus (Aarhus) / Morten Michelsen -- København (Copenhagen) / Morten Michelsen -- Euskal Herria (The Basque Country) / Josu Amezaga -- Finland / Pekka Jalkanen -- Cities -- Helsinki / Jari Muikku -- Tampere / Helmi Järviluoma -- Turku / Johannes Brusila -- France / André J.M. Prévos -- Regions -- Bretagne (Brittany) / André J.M. Prévos -- Corsica / Caroline Bithell -- Provence / Jéróme Lenain -- Cities -- Bordeaux / Gilbert Delor -- Lyon / Gilbert Delor -- Marseille / Alain-Philippe Durand -- Paris / Olivier Julien -- Toulouse André J.M. Prévos -- Districts -- Left Bank / Aymeric Pichevin -- Montmartre / Olivier Julien -- Germany / Peter Wicke -- Cities -- Berlin / Peter Wicke -- Frankfurt am Main / Andy Bennett -- Hamburg / Michael Gratzke and Eberhard Spohd -- Köln (Cologne) / Christine Flender -- München (Munich) / David Buckley -- Greenland / Morten Michelsen -- Iceland / Gestur Guðmundsson -- Republic of Ireland / John O'Flynn -- Cities -- Cork / John O'Flynn -- Dublin / John O'Flynn -- Galway / John O'Flynn -- Limerick / John O'Flynn -- Diaspora -- Irish Diaspora / John O'Flynn -- Isle of Man / Fenella Crowe Bazin -- Italy / Paolo Prato -- Regions -- Central Italy / Franco Minganti with Paolo Prato -- Northern Italy / Vincenzo Perna -- Sardegna (Sardinia) / Stefano Pogelli -- Southern Italy / Stefano Pogelli -- Cities -- Bologna / Roberto Agostini and Pierfrancesco Pacoda -- Firenze (Florence) / Simone Brogioni -- Genova (Genoa) / Paolo Prato -- Milano (Milan) / Franco Fabbri with Luca Marconi -- Napoli (Naples) / Paolo Prato -- Roma (Rome) / Francesco Adinolfo and Paolo Prato -- San Remo / Paolo Prato -- Torino and Piemonte (Turin and Piedmont) / Franz Coriasco -- Diaspora -- Italian Diaspora / Francesco Adinolfi and Paolo Prato -- Liechtenstein / Dieter Ringli -- Luxembourg / Robert J. Sacre -- Malta / Philip Ciantar
Control code
ocn276357486
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (volumes)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781849724760
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
http://library.link/vocab/recordID
.b28599184
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)276357486
  • pebco1441148744
System details
Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.

Library Locations

    • Deakin University Library - Geelong Waurn Ponds CampusBorrow it
      75 Pigdons Road, Waurn Ponds, Victoria, 3216, AU
      -38.195656 144.304955
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