The Resource Explaining criminal careers : implications for justice policy, by John F. MacLeod, Peter Grove, David Farrington

Explaining criminal careers : implications for justice policy, by John F. MacLeod, Peter Grove, David Farrington

Label
Explaining criminal careers : implications for justice policy
Title
Explaining criminal careers
Title remainder
implications for justice policy
Statement of responsibility
by John F. MacLeod, Peter Grove, David Farrington
Creator
Contributor
Author
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Explaining Criminal Careers presents a simple but influential theory of crime, conviction and reconviction. The assumptions of the theory are derived directly from a detailed analysis of cohort samples extracted from the Home Office Offenders Index - a unique database which contains records of all criminal (standard list) convictions in England and Wales since 1963. In particular, the theory explains the well-known Age/Crime curve. Based on the idea that there are only three types of offenders, who commit crimes at either high or low (constant) rates and have either a high or low (constant) risk of reoffending, this simple theory makes exact quantitative predictions about criminal careers and age-crime curves. Purely from the birth-rate over the second part of the 20th century, the theory accurately predicts (to within 2%) the prison population contingent on a given sentencing policy. The theory also suggests that increasing the probability of conviction after each offence is the most effective way of reducing crime, although there is a role for treatment programmes for some offenders. The authors indicate that crime is influenced by the operation of the Criminal Justice System and that offenders do not 'grow out' of crime as commonly supposed; they are persuaded to stop or decide to stop after (repeated) convictions, with a certain fraction of offenders desisting after each conviction. Simply imprisoning offenders will not reduce crime either by individual deterrence or by incapacitation. With comprehensive explanations of the formulae used and complete mathematical appendices allowing for individual interpretations and further development of the theory, Explaining Criminal Careers represents an innovative and meticulous investigation into criminal activity and the influences behind it. With clear policy implications and a wealth of original and significant discussions, this book marks a ground-breaking chapter in the criminological debate surrounding criminal careers
Member of
Cataloging source
CDX
Dewey number
364.3/0941
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
  • HV6035
  • HV6944
LC item number
.M28 2012
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
Series statement
Clarendon studies in criminology
Target audience
specialized
Label
Explaining criminal careers : implications for justice policy, by John F. MacLeod, Peter Grove, David Farrington
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
http://library.link/vocab/branchCode
  • net
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Criminal career research, mathematical models, and testing quantitative predictions from theories -- An analysis of the offenders index -- The theory and a simple model -- Criminal careers of serious, less serious, and trivial offenders -- Is age the primary influence on offending? -- Characteristics of individuals -- Applications for managing the criminal justice system -- Criminal policy implications -- Summary and conclusions -- Appendix: mathematical notes
Control code
ocn813529083
Dimensions
unknown
Edition
First edition
Extent
1 online resource (272 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780191781568
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Other physical details
illustrations
http://library.link/vocab/ext/overdrive/overdriveId
397073
http://library.link/vocab/recordID
.b30010640
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)813529083
  • oso0191645249

Library Locations

    • Deakin University Library - Geelong Waurn Ponds CampusBorrow it
      75 Pigdons Road, Waurn Ponds, Victoria, 3216, AU
      -38.195656 144.304955
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