The Resource Greece Ethnographical Collection

Greece Ethnographical Collection

Greece Ethnographical Collection
Greece Ethnographical Collection
GREECE 1967-1968, 1971, 1973,1988, 1989, 1994 In 1968 a scholarship of £400 for fieldwork came from the Greek Ministry of Education, the stated objective of my study was child-rearing. The British Council awarded the grant in May of that year. I also received a small grant of £50 from the Cyril Foster Fund. The British Council Scheme obliged me to register as a student at Athens University. I arranged notional supervision with John Peristiany, then head of the Social Science Research Centre in Kolonaki. Peristiany, a leading figure in anthropological studies of the Mediterranean, suggested I might do a follow-up of John Campbell's book about the Sarakatsani in northern Greece. According to Peristiany, their apparent poverty masked a tight-fisted frugality, which had generated a significant surplus. They were buying land in Thessaly and appeared to be changing their lifestyle. This did not appeal to me very much: I wanted unexplored territory. An American-trained sociologist at the centre, Miltos Damanakis suggested the district of Sfakia in western Crete. No anthropologist had been there. Miltos speculated that this might have been because of the Sfakiot reputation for violence and vendetta. After initial exploration of Hora Sfakion we went to Pallikari (Asi Gonia). The village lay in a hidden corner of the White Mountains where it had remained in indomitable isolation for centuries. The road out of Pallikari was mostly unmade and transport to the outside world was limited to a twice-weekly bus and taxi service. The main mode of travel was the donkey. In 1967, there was no electricity and villagers used olive oil not only for lighting, but also as currency. Few visitors ever came to the village and, during winter, a road bridge connecting it with the outside world was periodically washed away by flash floods. Very few Pallikariots ventured far from home. Some women had never left their neighbourhood, and others referred to the centre of Pallikari or the neighbouring village of Argyroupolis as the capital. Modernization at that time was limited: the olive factories possessed some primitive machinery; three of the stores stocked a limited range of manufactured goods, noticeably antibiotics and Nestle's condensed milk. The mixed olive cultivation and herding way of life was much as it had been for at least two thousand years. The village had not always occupied the same site. Over the centuries successive invasions by Romans, Arabs, Venetians and Turks had driven the Pallikariots, ever eager to protect their independence, further and further into the mountains. In 1979, I returned twice for a total period of seven weeks, and shot eleven hours of single system super-8, material for eight films. These super 8 cassettes filled a suitcase. I had shot one hour of 8 mm film in 1967 and 1968, and the appearance of single system super-8 gave me a low-cost opportunity to pioneer the production of ethnographic film using this advance. The films in this collection cover the major aspects of life in a western Cretan village before modernization, which took off from 1981. - Barrie Machin
Cataloging source
Language note
In Greek
Greece Ethnographical Collection
  • net
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
Carrier MARC source
Content category
two-dimensional moving image
Content type code
Content type MARC source
Control code
Media category
  • computer
  • video
Media MARC source
  • rdamedia
  • rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
  • v
System control number

Library Locations

    • Deakin University Library - Geelong Waurn Ponds CampusBorrow it
      75 Pigdons Road, Waurn Ponds, Victoria, 3216, AU
      -38.195656 144.304955
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