The Resource Regional economic integration in the Middle East and North Africa : beyond trade reform, Mustapha Rouis, Steven R. Tabor, (electronic resource)

Regional economic integration in the Middle East and North Africa : beyond trade reform, Mustapha Rouis, Steven R. Tabor, (electronic resource)

Regional economic integration in the Middle East and North Africa : beyond trade reform
Regional economic integration in the Middle East and North Africa
Title remainder
beyond trade reform
Statement of responsibility
Mustapha Rouis, Steven R. Tabor
MENA is one of the least globally and regionally integrated regions in the world. Though home to 5.5 percent of the world's population and 3.9 percent of the world's GDP, the region's share of nonoil world trade is only 1.8 percent. Deep economic integration could help policy makers address the critical development challenges that have been brought to the forefront by the Arab Spring by boosting growth, fostering diversification, and stimulating employment. The level of tariff protection vis-à-vis the rest of the world remains high by international standards, particularly in North Africa. Nontariff measures have become the most important barriers to trade in goods in the Arab world. Trade in services is extremely limited. To boost services trade, reforms will be required to ease entry and licensing restrictions, promote competition, harmonize and strengthen regulatory practices and arrangements, and lower restrictions on the mobility of foreign workers residing in the region. Continued public ownership in some services sectors also represents a hurdle to service flows. Backbone services such as telecommunications, financial services, transport, and power are crucial to boosting productivity and international competitiveness. Building strategic infrastructure networks while opening infrastructure services to competition and trade could help reduce production costs, increase foreign direct investment, promote knowledge spillovers, and expand markets. Logistics performance, which varies substantially across countries, has generally been constrained by slow and ineffective introduction of risk management, little effort to monitor customs performance at the border, and insufficiently improved facilities at border crossings. Priority should be accorded to measures that improve the efficiency of border crossing points, including through the harmonization of customs procedures. The proliferation of PTAs, with their different sector and product coverage, rules of origin, and implementation requirements, poses a formidable challenge for capacity-constrained MENA institutions. If an Arab Customs Union is to be established by 2015 and an Arab Common Market by 2020, then efforts will need to be made to strengthen the rules and discipline applicable to PAFTA and other regional trade agreements. Mechanisms for tracking and enforcing commitments to regional economic integration also need to be strengthened
Member of
Cataloging source
Dewey number
no index present
LC call number
LC item number
.R68 2013
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
Series statement
Directions in development. Trade
Regional economic integration in the Middle East and North Africa : beyond trade reform, Mustapha Rouis, Steven R. Tabor, (electronic resource)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
  • net
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
Carrier MARC source
Content category
Content type code
Content type MARC source
  • References
  • Chapter 2.
  • Regional Integration through Trade in Goods
  • Trade Performance
  • Barriers to Trade in Goods Have Been Reduced to Some Extent
  • Policy Recommendations
  • Notes
  • References
  • Chapter 3.
  • Regional Integration through Trade in Services
  • Preface
  • Services Trade Performance
  • Impediments to the Services Trade
  • Impediments to the Services Trade
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • Chapter 4.
  • Cross-Border Infrastructure: Building Backbone Services
  • The Transport Sector--Extensive but Often Deficient Networks
  • The Power Sector--Initiatives Underway to Interconnect Electricity Networks
  • Acknowledgments
  • Information and Communications Technology
  • Notes
  • References
  • Chapter 5.
  • Trade Facilitation and Logistics
  • High Trade Costs and Low Logistics Performance
  • Main Logistics Issues across the MENA Region
  • Capacity Building Projects
  • Conclusions
  • Notes
  • About the Authors
  • References
  • Chapter 6.
  • Preferential Trade Agreements
  • PTA Implementation--A Lot More Can Be Done
  • PTA Impact--Mixed Effects
  • Higher Volume of Trade, but Imports Outpace Exports
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • References
  • Chapter 7.
  • Abbreviations
  • Conclusion and Reform Priorities
  • Regional Economic Integration--Challenges and Opportunities
  • Reform Priorities
  • References
  • Appendix A Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements in MENA
  • League of Arab States
  • Pan Arab Free Trade Area
  • The Agadir Agreement
  • The Arab Maghreb Union
  • The Gulf Cooperation Council
  • Overview
  • Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area Agreement
  • Other Agreements
  • References
  • Appendix B.
  • Gravity Model Analysis
  • The Model
  • The Data
  • The Estimates
  • Note
  • Reference
  • Chapter 1.
  • Appendix C.
  • Statistical Tables and Graphs
  • Data Source and Methodology
  • Why Economic Integration Matters: Potential Gains and Challenges
  • The Case for Economic Integration
Control code
1 online resource (xxix, 176 pages)
Form of item
Media category
Media MARC source
Media type code
Other control number
Other physical details
Specific material designation
System control number
  • (OCoLC)811524111
  • pebcs0821397265

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